If you like to build freestanding steps for both a fun activity and a money-saving venture then you are in the right hand. Building wooden steps is not as hard as it seems, therefore you do not need a specialist to build some steps yourself. This article will let you know How To Build Free Standing Wooden Steps in just six steps.
How To Build Free Standing Wooden Steps (6 Easy Steps)
To build wooden steps, you need to use quality wood and good tools that prevent injury. Freestanding wooden steps are very useful to get access to a patio, a trailer, or even an indoor area. Simply, you can create free-standing wooden steps.
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Things You Need
You need to collect some necessary ingredients to build freestanding steps so that you can keep every footstep easily and safely. Without gathering the necessary equipment, you cannot complete the task successfully.
- Hand Saw
- Tape measure
- 16d Nails
- Framing Square
- Nail gun
- Circular saw
- Chop saw
- Wood planks
Let’s jump right in and look at the steps!
Step 1: Choosing Wood
You need to choose 5 pieces of wood to build freestanding steps. Make sure the wood you have chosen is straight and comes without cracks. If you fail to choose accurate wood to make free standing steps, then they might cause serious problems later. To make freestanding steps the ideal dimensions you need are 2x12x16, 2x4x16, and 4x4x16.
Step 2: Calculation And Measurement
- First, you need to determine the finished height and then divide the value by 7, which is the height of a regular step.
- The depth of the tread is 10.5” and it is a regular tread depth. If you did precise calculations, you might have something a bit different, for example, 7¼ and 10 5/8
- The stairs will need three stringers that give the stairs strength. Each of the stringers measurement is 2×12 and the outside stringers will have a width of 36 inches and you’ll need two 2x36x36 to be applied as a header and a footer
- The legs are 2×6 pieces crossing the bottom and they keep them spread out and uniform.
- You need to create the steps out of 2×12 pieces and give them an inch overhang on every side of the stringers
- Every staircase has the same handrails so you need to cut the 2×6 piece for the baluster at around 48” and cut it down later for the proper height
- Cut the legs vertically to the ground and you need to keep in mind that the Pythagorean Theorem to get the right height concerning the length of the entire staircase and the diagonal height
Step 3: Set Up And Layout
- According to the number of steps, you need to use the treads’ measurements, and having the stair gauges will help you tremendously
- Layout the stringers by taking the framing square and placing the 10.5 sides on the right, and the seven side on the left
- Place the square on the 2×12 going as far to the left and the objective is to make outside the framing square
- Now you need to take the 7-inch side and carry it across, straight all the way, it is the top step and you will cut it later
- Align the 7-inch side with the 10.5-inch side and place your marks, up until you achieve your desired number of steps
- Do the bottom step just like the top
- There will be a 2×6 on the top and the bottom as a header and a footer, mark those lines and cut them out to make the project level at the ground
- Take the precise measurement for a 2×6 is 1.5×5.5, mark that on the top and the bottom of step running down the back of the 2×6
- Make measurements from the bottom up and mark a line for the 2×6 to be cut in
Step 4: Cutting
- Do not cut past the lines you marked, return with a handsaw and cut out the little pieces that remain attached
- Cut the treads along with the header and the footer, and make sure another person can be reducing the stringers
- While you are working on the legs make sure to cut the let inaccurately and cut out of ×4 (width) into the legs
Step 5: Assembling
- Start with the header and footer on the outer stringers and then place the middle stringer in between
- Drive three 16d nails in each
- Flip the entire project over and lay out the treads on the stringers
- Nail in one of the sides first, with the correct overhang, then move onto the other side and try getting it as close as you can
- After nailing the outside stringers, the middle stringer is pretty easy to fasten
- Hold the legs in place as you nail them and alternatively, you can use scrap blocks
- Put around four on the side of the leg that touches the header and his stringer and about 2 through the top of the tread
- Nail one side, and then fasten the other side from the opposite direction
Step 6: Stand It Up
- Do the cross-bracing on the vertical legs at the back and to do that, use a tape measure to determine the length of the wood so you need to take a 2×4, lay it against the points, mark it, cut, and fix it
- You can easily add the handrails by fixing a baluster to the tread, but that looks sort of sloppy
- The number of balusters you need depends on the number of steps you have
- Cut two 2×4 pieces to the suitable length and nail each of them to one
These are all about the steps that you need to follow while building upstairs. This article mentions all the easy steps of how to build free-standing wooden steps so that you can create your stairs without taking help from others.